Bible Study on Revelation chapters 10-11


Here John is being given another part of the vision that contains more details concerning the last Judgment. He describes it as being sweet because it is the final destruction over evil, but bitter because it brings about so much wrath.

1 Then I saw another mighty angel coming down from heaven, wrapped in a cloud, with a rainbow over his head, and his face was like the sun, and his legs like pillars of fire. 2 He had a little scroll open in his hand. And he set his right foot on the sea, and his left foot on the land,

This angel could be Gabriel since the text says “mighty angel“, which Gabriel is a Hebrew name גַבְרִיאֵל (Gavri’el) meaning “strong man of God”, or it could be the same angel that represented Christ in the first 3 chapters since the details are similar (see Rev. 1:13-16). The rainbowface like the sun, etc. are symbolic of his awesome appearance. This little scroll contains the prophecy of the final judgment, which is “sweet” because of the completion of the battle over evil, but it is “bitter” because it requires so much terror and wrath (see Rev. 10:9).

3 and called out with a loud voice, like a lion roaring; when he called out, the seven thunders sounded. 4 And when the seven thunders had sounded, I was about to write, but I heard a voice from heaven saying, “Seal up what the seven thunders have said, and do not write it down.”

The seven thunders are seven angels. St. John is told to not make known what the details are until he is commanded to, which is similar to what Daniel was told, “The vision of the evenings and the mornings which has been told is true; but seal up the vision, for it pertains to many days hence (Dan. 8:26).”

5 And the angel whom I saw standing on sea and land lifted up his right hand to heaven 6 and swore by him who lives for ever and ever, who created heaven and what is in it, the earth and what is in it, and the sea and what is in it, that there should be no more delay, 7 but that in the days of the trumpet call to be sounded by the seventh angel, the mystery of God, as he announced to his servants the prophets, should be fulfilled.

The seventh trumpet will bring about the end of the world and Judgment Day.

8 Then the voice which I had heard from heaven spoke to me again, saying, “Go, take the scroll which is open in the hand of the angel who is standing on the sea and on the land.” 9 So I went to the angel and told him to give me the little scroll; and he said to me, “Take it and eat; it will be bitter to your stomach, but sweet as honey in your mouth.” 10 And I took the little scroll from the hand of the angel and ate it; it was sweet as honey in my mouth, but when I had eaten it my stomach was made bitter. 11 And I was told, “You must again prophesy about many peoples and nations and tongues and kings.”

See verses 10:1-2


Here John gives details about Enoch and Elijah, who come during the Great Tribulation and preach the Gospel and bring many people to repentance. They have power to do many miracles as a means of protecting themselves for a period of time from the forces of evil so that they can preach their message. Then once their mission has been complete the Antichrist is permitted to kill them, and their bodies will lay out in the open in the streets of Jerusalem for everyone to see. Then their bodies will be raised from the dead and come to life and taken up into Heaven. Then a great earthquake takes places and many people are killed. After that John has a vision and sees the Blessed Virgin Mary in Heaven.

1 Then I was given a measuring rod like a staff, and I was told: “Rise and measure the temple of God and the altar and those who worship there, 2 but do not measure the court outside the temple; leave that out, for it is given over to the nations, and they will trample over the holy city for forty-two months.

St. John is commanded here to measure, in a spiritual sense, the saints of the Great Tribulation, but to not measure those who are not among the people of God. The temple of God and the alter are symbolic of the Church on earth during the Tribulation while the court outside of the temple are those who are not truly among the people of God. The Church is going to be trampled over, that is, face heavy persecution during the Great Tribulation.

3 And I will grant my two witnesses power to prophesy for one thousand two hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth.”

The two witnesses are Enoch and Elijah. The prophet Malachi reveals that Elijah is surely one of the two, “Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD6 And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with a curse (4:5-6).” But tradition teaches us that Enoch is the most likely one to be the other witness due to the fact that he and Elijah have not died bodily deaths, and since it “is appointed unto men once to die, and after this the judgment (Heb. 9:27)” then their deaths have been postponed till the end.

Augustine (See li. 20. de Civit. Dei. c. 29. Tract. .4. in Joan, and both of Enoch and Elijah, lib. J . de pec. merit, c. 3). So the rest of the Latin Doctors: as, St. Jerome, (ad Pammach. ep. 61. c. 11. and in Psal. xx). St. Ambrose in (Psal. xlv.) St. Hilary, (20. can. in Mat.) Prosper, (li. ultimo de Promissionibus, c. 13). St. Gregory, (li. 14, Moral, c. 11. ho. 12. in Ezech). St. Bede in (ix. Marci). The Greek Fathers also, as St. Chrysostom. (hom. 58. in Mat and ho. 4. in 2 Thessal. ho. 21. in Genes, and ho. ‘2-2. in ep. ad Hebr.) Andrew of Caesarea, Theophylact and Oecumenus in (xvii. Matthan). St. John of Damascus, (li. 4. de Orthodoxa fide, c. 97). Furthermore, that they live also in Paradise, it is partly gathered out of the Scripture, Sirach 44:16, where it is plainly said of Enoch, that “he is translated into Paradise,” as all our Latin copies do read: and of Elijah, that he was taken up alive, it is evident, 2 Kings 2:11. And St. Irenaeus says, it is the tradition of the Apostles that they are both there (Li. 5. initio). ” Dicunt Presbyteri (says he) qui sunt Apostolorum Discipuli, So say the Priests or Ancients that are the scholars of the Apostles.”- See St. Justin Martyr, (q. So. ad Orthodoxos).

Caesarius of Arles: two Testaments (OT and NT)

4 These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands which stand before the Lord of the earth. 5 And if any one would harm them, fire pours out from their mouth and consumes their foes; if any one would harm them, thus he is doomed to be killed. 6 They have power to shut the sky, that no rain may fall during the days of their prophesying, and they have power over the waters to turn them into blood, and to smite the earth with every plague, as often as they desire.

During this time Elijah and Enoch will have power from God to work miracles, which will be necessary to serve as protection until they finish proclaiming the Word of God and preparing the way for the 2nd coming of Christ.

7 And when they have finished their testimony, the beast that ascends from the bottomless pit will make war upon them and conquer them and kill them, 8 and their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city which is allegorically called Sodom and Egypt, where their Lord was crucified.

After Elijah and Enoch fulfill their mission preparing the way for the Lord’s 2nd coming, the Antichrist will have them killed. He will have their bodies laying in the street in Jerusalem. St. John calls the earthly Jerusalem “allegorically Sodom and Egypt” because it becomes the city of the Antichrist and a place of evil, not to be misunderstood as the New Jerusalem, which is the Church.

Considering that Antichrist would pretend to be the Messiah, it was of tradition that the received notion that he was to be of Jewish race and to observe the Jewish rites.

Paul says that Antichrist should “sit in the Temple of God; (2 Thess. 2)”. Jesus’ own words may be taken to support this notion, because He speaks of “the Abomination of Desolation” (which, whatever other meanings it might have, in its fulness denotes Antichrist) “standing in the holy place.”

Irenaeus and Hippolytus distinctly declare Antichrist’s connexion with the Jews.

The first of them, Irenæus, speaks as follows: “In the Temple which is at Jerusalem the adversary will sit, endeavoring to show himself to be the Christ.”

And the second, Hippolytus: “Antichrist will be he who shall resuscitate the kingdom of the Jews.”

Antichrist will be Sabbatean/Illuminati

Another main Sabbatean belief is that “Godhead takes a human form which allowed for leaders of the sect to be incarnated into that Godhead, from Sabbatai Zvi through to Frank and others.” (source Scholem). Hence, when Frankists convert to Christianity and Donmeh convert to Islam, their God does not become Jesus Christ and the Christian Trinity or Mohammad and his Allah but the “Godhead of the Frankists included members of the sect” (Antelman). 

Therefore Sabbatai Zvi was their first incarnate God, after him, Jacob Frank was their incarnate God. After Frank, the godly reign apparently passed to the Rothschilds, and now their incarnate god is either a Rothschild god-man or they are waiting for his incarnation and manifestation among them like it is made clear in the Protocols of Zion. Just after a year of his apparent “conversion,” Frank was thrown into jail because of this blasphemy.

9 For three days and a half men from the peoples and tribes and tongues and nations gaze at their dead bodies and refuse to let them be placed in a tomb, 10 and those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them and make merry and exchange presents, because these two prophets had been a torment to those who dwell on the earth.

Followers of the Antichrist, which will be many, will rejoice thinking that their leader had defeated the two witnesses. Their bodies are laid out as a reminder and intimidation.

11 But after the three and a half days a breath of life from God entered them, and they stood up on their feet, and great fear fell on those who saw them. 12 Then they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, “Come up hither!” And in the sight of their foes they went up to heaven in a cloud. 13 And at that hour there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell; seven thousand people were killed in the earthquake, and the rest were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven.

Elijah and Enoch are raised from the dead and taken back up into Heaven where they came from. This event had such an impact that it brought great fear and dread upon everyone as well as a massive earthquake that kills 7000 people. The fear and dread led many people to repentance!

14 The second woe has passed; behold, the third woe is soon to come. 15 Then the seventh angel blew his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ, and he shall reign for ever and ever.” 16 And the twenty-four elders who sit on their thrones before God fell on their faces and worshiped God, 17 saying, “We give thanks to you, Lord God Almighty, who is and who was, that you have taken your great power and begun to reign. 18 The nations raged, but your wrath came, and the time for the dead to be judged, for rewarding your servants, the prophets and saints, and those who fear your name, both small and great, and for destroying the destroyers of the earth.”

This is more of a proclamation that the Judgment and resurrection has just taken place at the opening of the 7th trumpet, but St. John will give more details of this event later on in the Revelation, but he is going to take time now to tell us that he saw the Blessed Virgin Mary as the Ark of the New Covenant and Queen of Heaven.

19 Then God’s temple in heaven was opened, and the ark of his covenant was seen within his temple; and there were flashes of lightning, voices, peals of thunder, an earthquake, and heavy hail.

Mary is the Ark of the Covenant that St. John sees. Where the ark of the Old Covenant contained within it the “gold jar containing the manna, the staff of Aaron that had sprouted, and the tablets of the covenant (Heb. 9:4)”, the Ark of the New Covenant, that is Mary, contained within her the Bread of Life, the eternal Priest Himself, and the Word of God, not on tablets, but in the Flesh. Mary was chosen by God to be the vessel that contained God’s covenant!

Alcuin of York: What indeed does God’s temple signify but Christ, in whom all the fullness of the Godhead dwells corporeally?1 It is said to be open because Christ has already been born, suffered, been resurrected, and been elevated, and since it is in the Church that Christ is proclaimed to have done all this, consequently he is said to open the temple in heavenThe ark of the testament, in which the power of the two Testaments was written by God’s finger, means the Church; according to Exodus, this ark has four golden rings with bars through them to be carried on,2 that is the four Gospels through which the Church is governed by the holy preachers. In it there is a golden pot with manna inside, that is the wisdom of the divine Word with the food of life; and also Aaron’s rod,3 that is the proof of kingly priesthood. 

One thought on “Bible Study on Revelation chapters 10-11

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