Bible study on Revelation chapter 14

SUMMARY OF CHAPTER 14

Here John sees the saints of the Great Tribulation worshipping God. They are seen to be very holy and devoted to God. John also sees God giving another attempt to let everyone hear the Gospel in order to repent before Judgment Day. John also mentions the fall of Babylon. Then John sees the angels coming to gather everyone for the final judgment.




1 Then I looked, and lo, on Mount Zion stood the Lamb, and with him a hundred and forty-four thousand who had his name and his Father’s name written on their foreheads.

This 144,000 is the same as the 144,000 seen in chapter 7, and they are the saints of the Great Tribulation. Mount Zion here is reference to the Church on earth (see Heb. 12:22), and the Lamb who is seen with the 144,000 is Christ who dwells with Christians in the way that Jesus said He would, “I am with you always, to the end of the age (Matt. 28:20).” Jesus and the Father’s name on their foreheads is reference to the Christian name that one receives at conversion, which is also the new name mentioned in Rev. 2:17.

These 144,000 are the same as the great multitude seen in verse 9, and these are the new People of God, that is, the saints of the Great Tribulation (see v. 7:14), especially the martyrs slain for the Word of the God (see CCC 1138). These are not only the Jews who convert to Christianity during the Great Tribulation, but all believers during that time. St. John sees them right here in the vision prior to the suffering of the Great Tribulation, while he then visions them after Judgment Day standing before the Throne of God in glory in verses 9-17. The giving of the names of the 12 tribes are not intended to be understood as descendants from those 12 tribes, but that the names of the tribes themselves have meanings that explain the spiritual qualities of all the different converts. St. James uses similar language in the beginning of his general epistle by referring to all Christians as “the twelve tribes in the dispersion“. It should be noted that Dan was replaced by Levi, and is believed by some that it is left out because the Antichrist is suppose to come from the tribe of Dan. Also Ephraim is replaced by Joseph.

From Douay Rheims Bible
7:4 Of all tribes put together, so many, 144,000.  He signifies by these thousands and the multitudes following, all the elect, but the elect of the Jews, to be in a certain number: the elect of the Gentiles to be innumerable.





2 And I heard a voice from heaven like the sound of many waters and like the sound of loud thunder; the voice I heard was like the sound of harpers playing on their harps, 3 and they sing a new song before the throne and before the four living creatures and before the elders. No one could learn that song except the hundred and forty-four thousand who had been redeemed from the earth.

The voice from Heaven is either coming from Heaven to the 144,000, or it is reference to the 144,000 who’s new song is from Heaven, and the new song is the proclamation of the Gospel. The harps signify hymns of worship. Only the 144,000 could learn this proclamation of the Gospel because they are the elect and have been predestined according to the foreknowledge of God. Being redeemed from the earth means that they are redeemed from their old earthly ways (see Titus 2:14).





4 It is these who have not defiled themselves with women, for they are chaste; it is these who follow the Lamb wherever he goes; these have been redeemed from mankind as first fruits for God and the Lamb, 5 and in their mouth no lie was found, for they are spotless.

Not defiling themselves with women and being chaste does not mean virginity, as some have assumed, but that the Tribulation saints are very holy Christians. The word “chaste” is translated from the word παρθενοι which does mean virgins, but it is not always meant to be taken literally as “unmarried” or “without sexual relations.” Especially when the context of this passage is considered, since the 144,000 are the Christians of the Great Tribulation, which means they are men and women. And since παρθενοι is masculine in Greek, then we are to recognize that it is to be taken as a generalization, much like how the nation Israel is called the Virgin Daughter of Zion” (2 Kgs 19:21; Lam 2:13), “Virgin Israel” (Jer 18:13; Amos 5:2), Israel was made up of men and women, and virgin is not to be understood literally as “unmarried” or “without sexual relations,” but to be understood as pure and chaste.





6 Then I saw another angel flying in midheaven, with an eternal gospel to proclaim to those who dwell on earth, to every nation and tribe and tongue and people; 7 and he said with a loud voice, “Fear God and give him glory, for the hour of his judgment has come; and worship him who made heaven and earth, the sea and the fountains of water.”

This is another attempt to proclaim the Gospel one last time before the final Judgment so man will have no excuse.





8 Another angel, a second, followed, saying, “Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great, she who made all nations drink the wine of her impure passion.”

This will be recapitulated in chapter 17 of Revelation. Babylon is basically all the governments that align with the Antichrist and the Illuminati (The Cult), who actually created Marxist/Communists ideologies, and these governments are used by the Illuminati to bring division on a global scale and pit it against the ideology of nations under democracy capitalism.  Therefore the Cult and the Antichrist will use them until the Cult has established the power it needs, but once that has happened the Cult will turn on them. Basically, the Marxist governments will be useful idiots for the Cult to help persecute and break down Western societies, and then the Cult will turn on the Marxist governments and destroy them. This has been the technique of Marxism, which is actually a creation of the Illuminati (Satanic Death Cult), to overthrow the existing order and establish a centralized structure of control under the smokescreen of ‘government of the people’. Examples of this technique can be seen in the history of Russia and China where Marxism was imposed, where the mob overthrows the prevailing order and then the new order destroys the mob.




9 And another angel, a third, followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If any one worships the beast and its image, and receives a mark on his forehead or on his hand, 10 he also shall drink the wine of God’s wrath, poured unmixed into the cup of his anger, and he shall be tormented with fire and sulphur in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb. 11 And the smoke of their torment goes up for ever and ever; and they have no rest, day or night, these worshipers of the beast and its image, and whoever receives the mark of its name.”

The Lord follows the giving of the Gospel (v. 6) with a threat of eternal Hell, all with the hopes that it will bring a last minute turn towards repentance.





12 Here is a call for the endurance of the saints, those who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus.

The extension of God’s mercy towards the wicked is a call for the saints to have patience so that everyone will have a chance to repent and come into God’s fold.





13 And I heard a voice from heaven saying, “Write this: Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord henceforth.” “Blessed indeed,” says the Spirit, “that they may rest from their labors, for their deeds follow them!”

Those who die in the state of grace have their good deeds that will not be forgotten in Heaven, but they will be rewarded.





14 Then I looked, and lo, a white cloud, and seated on the cloud one like a son of man, with a golden crown on his head, and a sharp sickle in his hand. 15 And another angel came out of the temple, calling with a loud voice to him who sat upon the cloud, “Put in your sickle, and reap, for the hour to reap has come, for the harvest of the earth is fully ripe.” 16 So he who sat upon the cloud swung his sickle on the earth, and the earth was reaped. 17 And another angel came out of the temple in heaven, and he too had a sharp sickle. 18 Then another angel came out from the altar, the angel who has power over fire, and he called with a loud voice to him who had the sharp sickle, “Put in your sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth, for its grapes are ripe.” 19 So the angel swung his sickle on the earth and gathered the vintage of the earth, and threw it into the great wine press of the wrath of God; 20 and the wine press was trodden outside the city, and blood flowed from the wine press, as high as a horse’s bridle, for one thousand six hundred stadia.

This is the Judgment at the end of the world when Jesus raises everyone from the dead and they will be judged. This is what Jesus said would happen, “He who sows the good seed is the Son of man; 38 the field is the world, and the good seed means the sons of the kingdom; the weeds are the sons of the evil one, 39 and the enemy who sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the close of the age, and the reapers are angels. 40 Just as the weeds are gathered and burned with fire, so will it be at the close of the age. 41 The Son of man will send his angels, and they will gather out of his kingdom all causes of sin and all evildoers, 42 and throw them into the furnace of fire; there men will weep and gnash their teeth. 43 Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father (Matt 13:37-43).”

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